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U.S. History Part One:  Expansion


What is Manifest Destiny?


Click here to learn more about the Cyrus McCormick farm near Lexington, Va.



New territories added to the United States after 1801 Louisiana Purchase
– Jefferson bought land from France (the Louisiana Purchase), which doubled the size of the United States.
– In the Lewis and Clark expedition, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark explored the Louisiana Purchase and the Oregon Territory from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. Florida
– Spain gave Florida to the United States through a treaty. Texas
– Texas was added to the United States after it became an independent republic. Oregon
– The Oregon Territory was divided by the United States and Great Britain. California
– War with Mexico resulted in California and the southwest territory becoming

Geographic and economic factors that influenced westward movement -- Population growth in the eastern states
-Availability of cheap, fertile land
-Economic opportunity, e.g., gold (California Gold Rush), logging, farming, freedom (for runaway slaves) -Cheaper and transportation, e.g., rivers and canals (Erie Canal), steamboats
-Knowledge of overland trails (Oregon and Santa Fe)
-Belief in the right of ―Manifest Destiny‖—the idea that expansion was for the good of the country and was the right of the country

Terms to know
inventor: A person who is the first to think of or make something
entrepreneur: A person who organizes resources to bring a new or better good or service to market in hopes of earning a profit

New technologies and their impact on society
-The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney. It increased the production of cotton and thus increased the need for slave labor to cultivate and pick the cotton.
-Jo Anderson (an enslaved African American) and Cyrus McCormick worked to invent the reaper.
-McCormick was an entrepreneur who brought the reaper to market.
-The reaper increased the productivity of the American farmer.
-The steamboat was improved by the entrepreneur Robert Fulton. It eventually provided faster river transportation connecting Southern plantations and farms to Northern industries and Western territories.
-The steam locomotive provided faster land transportation.

Abolitionist movement
 Most abolitionists demanded immediate freeing of the slaves. Abolitionists believed that slavery was wrong.
– Morally wrong
– Cruel and inhumane
– A violation of the principles of democracy
Abolitionist leaders included both men and women.
– Harriet Tubman led hundreds of enslaved African Americans to freedom along the Underground Railroad.
– William Lloyd Garrison wrote the Liberator newspaper and worked for the immediate emancipation of all enslaved African Americans.
– Frederick Douglass wrote the North Star newspaper and worked for rights for African Americans and women to better their lives.

Women’s suffrage movement Supporters declared that ―All men and women are created equal
 Supporters believed that women were deprived of basic rights:
– Denied the right to vote
– Denied educational opportunities, especially higher education
– Denied equal opportunities in business
– Limited in the right to own property The movement was led by strong women who began their campaign before the Civil War and continued after the war had ended.
– Isabella (Sojourner) Truth, a former enslaved African American, was a nationally known advocate for equality and justice.
– Susan B. Anthony was an advocate to gain voting rights for women and equal rights for all.
– Elizabeth Cady Stanton played a leadership role in the women’s rights movement.



Abolitionist Movement


While this video might be more appropriate for U.S. History part 2, it tells an important story about the suffrage movement.

This video also may work better for U.S. History part 2 but it makes both good parody and instruction about the sufferage movement.

Beyond the SOL's:

War of 1812!

And of course, Andrew Jackson style!
























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